Sustainable Yarn & Fibre Source
Hemp, a versatile and sustainable plant, has been used for centuries to make textiles, paper and rope. The plant is grown for its fibre, seeds, and medicinal properties. Hemp fibre, in particular, has gained significant attention due to its strength, durability, and eco-friendly characteristics
Hemp is grown in fields all over the world, including Australia. The hemp plant is a sustainable and environmentally friendly fibre source that requires very little water to grow, uses less land than cotton production and doesn't require chemicals.
Spinning Hempre Fibre
Hemp fibre is renowned for being strong and resistant to abrasion, making it perfect for applications requiring durability. The technique of obtaining long, robust fibres from the hemp plant's stalks and turning them into yarn or thread is known as spinning hemp fibre.
The spinning process begins with the separation of the outer bast fibres from the inner woody core of the hemp stalk. This can be achieved through a process called "retting," where the stalks are soaked in water or exposed to dew to allow for microbial decomposition. Once the bast fibres are separated, they are then cleaned, dried, and combed to remove any impurities and align the fibres.
After the preparation stage, the fibres are ready for spinning. Spinning can be done through various methods, including hand spinning, machine spinning, or industrial spinning. Hand spinning involves the use of a spindle or spinning wheel, while machine and industrial spinning utilize mechanized processes to produce yarn or thread. The resulting hemp yarn can be further processed into fabrics, ropes, twines, and a wide range of other textile products.
Paper Making with Hemp Fibre
Another significant application of hemp fibre is in the production of paper. Hemp has a long history of being used for paper making, and it has several advantages over traditional wood pulp paper. Hemp fibres are naturally longer and stronger than wood fibres, resulting in paper that is more durable and has a higher tear resistance.
The process of making paper from hemp fibre begins with the separation of the bast fibres from the rest of the plant material. The fibres are then cooked and beaten to break them down into a pulp. This pulp is then mixed with water and other additives, such as sizing agents and fillers, to improve the paper's quality and properties.
Next, the pulp mixture is spread onto a screen or mesh, where the water is drained away, leaving a thin layer of fibres. This layer is then pressed and dried to remove any remaining moisture and create the final paper product. Hemp paper is known for its excellent archival qualities, as it is acid-free and resistant to yellowing and deterioration over time.
Sustainability and Environmental Benefits of Hemp Fibre
Hemp fibre's sustainability and favourable effects on the environment are two of its main benefits. With little need for water, chemicals, or herbicides to flourish, hemp is a crop that is very sustainable. It has a short growth cycle, usually around 120 days, and can be grown in a variety of climates and soil types. Additionally, hemp plants grow densely, which inhibits the growth of weeds and minimizes the need for chemical weed management.
Contrary to synthetic fibres, hemp fibre is biodegradable and does not add to the pollution caused by microplastics in the creation of textiles. It can be cultivated organically without the use of synthetic pesticides or fertilizers and does not require the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs).
Buy Hemp Fibre Online in Australia
Hemp fibre is a versatile and sustainable material with a wide range of applications. From spinning and textile production to paper-making and composite materials, hemp fibre offers strength, durability, and environmental benefits.
As industries and consumers increasingly prioritize sustainability, hemp fibre is gaining recognition as a viable alternative to traditional materials. With its remarkable properties and positive environmental impact, hemp fibre has the potential to revolutionize various industries while contributing to a greener and more sustainable future.
Browse our range of hemp fibres and use it for spinning, papermaking, and more!